ScienceDaily News Feeds

  • Early-warning for seizures could be a game-changer for epilepsy patients
    on February 26, 2021 at 3:38 pm

    A research team has developed mathematical model to predict seizures that will give epilepsy patients an accurate warning five minutes to one hour before they are likely to experience a seizure.

  • Early-warning for seizures could be a game-changer for epilepsy patients
    on February 26, 2021 at 3:38 pm

    A research team has developed mathematical model to predict seizures that will give epilepsy patients an accurate warning five minutes to one hour before they are likely to experience a seizure.

  • Laser system generates random numbers at ultrafast speeds
    on February 25, 2021 at 7:37 pm

    Scientists have developed a system that can generate random numbers over a hundred times faster than current technologies, paving the way towards faster, cheaper, and more secure data encryption in today’s digitally connected world.

  • AI identifies social bias trends in Bollywood, Hollywood movies
    on February 25, 2021 at 4:32 pm

    An automated computer analysis method designed by Carnegie Mellon University computer scientists makes it possible to track social biases across decades of Bollywood and Hollywood movies.

  • Scientists begin building highly accurate digital twin of our planet
    on February 24, 2021 at 5:03 pm

    A digital twin of our planet is being designed to simulate Earth’s climate system reaching into the future. It is a tool to support policy-?makers in taking appropriate measures to better prepare for extreme events.

  • Machine learning aids in simulating dynamics of interacting atoms
    on February 23, 2021 at 9:44 pm

    A revolutionary machine-learning (ML) approach to simulate the motions of atoms in materials such as aluminum is described.

  • Lack of symmetry in qubits can’t fix errors in quantum computing, might explain matter/antimatter
    on February 22, 2021 at 9:41 pm

    A team of quantum theorists seeking to cure a basic problem with quantum annealing computers — they have to run at a relatively slow pace to operate properly — found something intriguing instead.

  • Explainable AI for decoding genome biology
    on February 18, 2021 at 8:11 pm

    Researchers have developed advanced explainable artificial intelligence (AI) in a technical tour de force to decipher regulatory instructions encoded in DNA.

  • Engineers place molecule-scale devices in precise orientation
    on February 18, 2021 at 7:28 pm

    A technique for controlling the orientation of manufactured DNA shapes now removes one of the last barriers for the combination of molecular devices with conventional semiconductor chips.

  • Mathematical modeling to identify factors that determine adaptive therapy success
    on February 16, 2021 at 4:51 pm

    Researchers report results from their study using mathematical modeling to show that cell turnover impacts drug resistance and is an important factor that governs the success of adaptive therapy.

  • Mathematical modeling to identify factors that determine adaptive therapy success
    on February 16, 2021 at 4:51 pm

    Researchers report results from their study using mathematical modeling to show that cell turnover impacts drug resistance and is an important factor that governs the success of adaptive therapy.

  • Applying quantum computing to a particle process
    on February 12, 2021 at 2:41 pm

    Researchers used a quantum computer to successfully simulate an aspect of particle collisions that is typically neglected in high-energy physics experiments, such as those that occur at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider.

  • Mathematical modeling suggests kids half as susceptible to COVID-19 as adults
    on February 11, 2021 at 7:44 pm

    A new computational analysis suggests that people under the age of 20 are about half as susceptible to COVID-19 infection as adults, and they are less likely to infect others.

  • Mathematical modeling suggests kids half as susceptible to COVID-19 as adults
    on February 11, 2021 at 7:44 pm

    A new computational analysis suggests that people under the age of 20 are about half as susceptible to COVID-19 infection as adults, and they are less likely to infect others.

  • Computational medicine: Moving from uncertainty to precision
    on February 10, 2021 at 8:33 pm

    An innovative partnership takes aim at medicine down to the individual level by applying state-of-the-art computation to medical care.

  • Computational medicine: Moving from uncertainty to precision
    on February 10, 2021 at 8:33 pm

    An innovative partnership takes aim at medicine down to the individual level by applying state-of-the-art computation to medical care.

  • A language learning system that pays attention — more efficiently than ever before
    on February 10, 2021 at 6:34 pm

    A hardware and software system called SpAtten streamlines state-of-the-art natural language processing. The advance could reduce the computing power, energy, and time required for text analysis and generation.

  • New mathematical method for generating random connected networks
    on February 10, 2021 at 6:33 pm

    Many natural and human-made networks, such as computer, biological or social networks have a connectivity structure that critically shapes their behavior. The academic field of network science is concerned with analyzing such real-world complex networks and understanding how their structure influences their function or behavior. Examples are the vascular network of our bodies, the network of neurons in our brain, or the network of how an epidemic is spreading through a society.

  • Placing cosmological constraints on quantum gravity phenomenology
    on February 10, 2021 at 6:33 pm

    Researchers have used well-established cosmological observations to place tighter constraints on the quadratic model of the Generalized Uncertainty Principle, while discrediting the linear model.

  • Placing cosmological constraints on quantum gravity phenomenology
    on February 10, 2021 at 6:33 pm

    Researchers have used well-established cosmological observations to place tighter constraints on the quadratic model of the Generalized Uncertainty Principle, while discrediting the linear model.

  • AI can predict early death risk
    on February 9, 2021 at 4:39 pm

    Researchers have found that a computer algorithm developed using echocardiogram videos of the heart can predict mortality within a year. The algorithm — an example of what is known as machine learning, or artificial intelligence (AI) — outperformed other clinically used predictors, including pooled cohort equations and the Seattle Heart Failure score.

  • Severe undercounting of COVID-19 cases in U.S., other countries estimated via model
    on February 8, 2021 at 7:24 pm

    A new machine-learning framework uses reported test results and death rates to calculate estimates of the actual number of current COVID-19 infections within all 50 U.S. states and 50 countries.

  • The Ramanujan Machine: Researchers develop ‘conjecture generator’
    on February 5, 2021 at 3:42 pm

    Using AI and computer automation, researchers have developed a ‘conjecture generator’ that creates mathematical conjectures, which are considered to be the starting point for developing mathematical theorems.

  • The Ramanujan Machine: Researchers develop ‘conjecture generator’
    on February 5, 2021 at 3:42 pm

    Using AI and computer automation, researchers have developed a ‘conjecture generator’ that creates mathematical conjectures, which are considered to be the starting point for developing mathematical theorems.

  • The Ramanujan Machine: Researchers develop ‘conjecture generator’
    on February 5, 2021 at 3:42 pm

    Using AI and computer automation, researchers have developed a ‘conjecture generator’ that creates mathematical conjectures, which are considered to be the starting point for developing mathematical theorems.

  • State-funded pre-K may enhance math achievement
    on February 3, 2021 at 7:46 pm

    Students who attend the Georgia Prekindergarten Program are more likely to achieve in mathematics than those who do not attend pre-K, according to a new study.

  • Desktop PCs run simulations of mammals’ brains
    on February 2, 2021 at 4:37 pm

    Academics have established a method of turbocharging desktop PCs to give them the same capability as supercomputers worth tens of millions of pounds.

  • Detecting fake news designed to manipulate stock markets
    on February 1, 2021 at 7:49 pm

    Social media is increasingly used to spread fake news. The same problem can be found on the capital market – criminals spread fake news about companies in order to manipulate share prices. Researchers have developed an approach that can recognize such fake news, even when the news contents are repeatedly adapted.

  • Solving complex physics problems at lightning speed
    on February 1, 2021 at 2:08 pm

    A calculation so complex that it takes twenty years to complete on a powerful desktop computer can now be done in one hour on a regular laptop. Physicists have now designed a new method to calculate the properties of atomic nuclei incredibly quickly.

  • A NEAT reduction of complex neuronal models accelerates brain research
    on January 27, 2021 at 7:00 pm

    Unlike their simple counterparts in artificial intelligence (AI) applications, neurons in the brain use dendrites – their intricate tree-like branches – to find relevant chunks of information. Now, neuroscientists have discovered a new computational method to make complex dendrite models much simpler. These faithful reductions may lead AI applications to process information much like the brain does.

  • A NEAT reduction of complex neuronal models accelerates brain research
    on January 27, 2021 at 7:00 pm

    Unlike their simple counterparts in artificial intelligence (AI) applications, neurons in the brain use dendrites – their intricate tree-like branches – to find relevant chunks of information. Now, neuroscientists have discovered a new computational method to make complex dendrite models much simpler. These faithful reductions may lead AI applications to process information much like the brain does.

  • Pace of prehistoric human innovation could be revealed by ‘linguistic thermometer’
    on January 27, 2021 at 1:52 pm

    A physics professor has joined forces with language experts to build a ‘linguistic thermometer’ that can record the temperature of ‘hot’ or ‘cold’ (ie fast or slow) developments in modern linguistic features to create a computer-based model that can provide a better understanding of the development in human language and innovation stretching back to pre-history.

  • Pace of prehistoric human innovation could be revealed by ‘linguistic thermometer’
    on January 27, 2021 at 1:52 pm

    A physics professor has joined forces with language experts to build a ‘linguistic thermometer’ that can record the temperature of ‘hot’ or ‘cold’ (ie fast or slow) developments in modern linguistic features to create a computer-based model that can provide a better understanding of the development in human language and innovation stretching back to pre-history.

  • To find the right network model, compare all possible histories
    on January 27, 2021 at 1:52 pm

    Scientists rarely have the historical data they need to see exactly how nodes in a network became connected. But a new article offers hope for reconstructing the missing information, using a new method to evaluate the rules that generate network models.

  • To find the right network model, compare all possible histories
    on January 27, 2021 at 1:52 pm

    Scientists rarely have the historical data they need to see exactly how nodes in a network became connected. But a new article offers hope for reconstructing the missing information, using a new method to evaluate the rules that generate network models.

  • To find the right network model, compare all possible histories
    on January 27, 2021 at 1:52 pm

    Scientists rarely have the historical data they need to see exactly how nodes in a network became connected. But a new article offers hope for reconstructing the missing information, using a new method to evaluate the rules that generate network models.

  • Domino effects and synchrony in seizure initiation
    on January 26, 2021 at 12:18 am

    In a brain with a neurological disorder like epilepsy, synchronization between groups of neurons can grow to a dangerous extent when a collection of brain cells begins to emit excess electricity. Researchers used a mathematical model to explore the interplay between neurons that leads to these transitions in synchronization during the onset of seizures.

  • Domino effects and synchrony in seizure initiation
    on January 26, 2021 at 12:18 am

    In a brain with a neurological disorder like epilepsy, synchronization between groups of neurons can grow to a dangerous extent when a collection of brain cells begins to emit excess electricity. Researchers used a mathematical model to explore the interplay between neurons that leads to these transitions in synchronization during the onset of seizures.

  • Why older adults must go to the front of the vaccine line
    on January 21, 2021 at 8:09 pm

    A new global, mathematical modeling study shows that in most cases prioritizing older adults for COVID-19 vaccines saves the most lives. It also found that, in some cases, more lives could be saved and infections prevented if those who’ve already tested positive step to the back of the line.

  • Why older adults must go to the front of the vaccine line
    on January 21, 2021 at 8:09 pm

    A new global, mathematical modeling study shows that in most cases prioritizing older adults for COVID-19 vaccines saves the most lives. It also found that, in some cases, more lives could be saved and infections prevented if those who’ve already tested positive step to the back of the line.

  • Mathematical framework enables accurate characterization of shapes
    on January 21, 2021 at 6:21 pm

    In nature, many things have evolved that differ in size, color and, above all, in shape. While the color or size of an object can be easily described, the description of a shape is more complicated. Researchers have now outlined a new and improved way to describe shapes based on a network representation that can also be used to reassemble and compare shapes.

  • Constructing termite turrets without a blueprint
    on January 20, 2021 at 12:43 am

    Following a series of studies on termite mound physiology and morphogenesis over the past decade, researchers have now developed a mathematical model to help explain how termites construct their intricate mounds.

  • Researchers build models using machine learning technique to enhance predictions of COVID-19 outcomes
    on January 18, 2021 at 4:31 pm

    Researchers have published one of the first studies using federated learning to examine electronic health records to better predict how COVID-19 patients will progress.

  • Model analyzes how viruses escape the immune system
    on January 14, 2021 at 9:39 pm

    MIT researchers have devised a way to computationally model viral escape, using models that were originally developed to model language. The model can predict which sections of viral surface proteins, including those of influenza, HIV, and SARS-CoV-2, are more likely to mutate in a way that allows the virus to evade the human immune system. It can also identify sections that are less likely to mutate, making them good targets for new vaccines.

  • Deep learning outperforms standard machine learning in biomedical research applications
    on January 14, 2021 at 6:01 pm

    Compared to standard machine learning models, deep learning models are largely superior at discerning patterns and discriminative features in brain imaging, despite being more complex in their architecture.

  • Researchers use deep learning to identify gene regulation at single-cell level
    on January 13, 2021 at 2:09 pm

    Researchers describe how they developed a deep-learning framework to observe gene regulation at the cellular level.

  • Tweaking AI software to function like a human brain improves computer’s learning ability
    on January 12, 2021 at 1:53 pm

    Computer-based artificial intelligence can function more like human intelligence when programmed to use a much faster technique for learning new objects, say two neuroscientists who designed such a model that was designed to mirror human visual learning.

  • Computational model offers help for new hips
    on January 11, 2021 at 6:06 pm

    Engineers design a computational model that will ultimately serve as the engine to predict how long a hip implant could last for a specific patient. The unique model incorporates fluid dynamics and the physics of implant wear and aims to streamline trial-and-error in the design of future implants.

  • A bit too much: Reducing the bit width of Ising models for quantum annealing
    on January 6, 2021 at 2:53 pm

    Quantum annealers are devices that physically implement a quantum system called the ‘Ising model’ to solve combinatorial optimization problems. However, the coefficients of the Ising model often require a large bit width, making it difficult to implement physically. Now, scientists demonstrate a method to reduce the bit width of any Ising model, increasing the applicability and versatility of quantum annealers in many fields, including cryptography, logistics, and artificial intelligence.

  • A bit too much: Reducing the bit width of Ising models for quantum annealing
    on January 6, 2021 at 2:53 pm

    Quantum annealers are devices that physically implement a quantum system called the ‘Ising model’ to solve combinatorial optimization problems. However, the coefficients of the Ising model often require a large bit width, making it difficult to implement physically. Now, scientists demonstrate a method to reduce the bit width of any Ising model, increasing the applicability and versatility of quantum annealers in many fields, including cryptography, logistics, and artificial intelligence.

  • Using artificial intelligence to find new uses for existing medications
    on January 4, 2021 at 4:04 pm

    Scientists have developed a machine-learning method that crunches massive amounts of data to help determine which existing medications could improve outcomes in diseases for which they are not prescribed.

  • Spontaneous robot dances highlight a new kind of order in active matter
    on December 31, 2020 at 7:15 pm

    Researchers have proposed a new principle by which active matter systems can spontaneously order, without need for higher level instructions or even programmed interaction among the agents. And they have demonstrated this principle in a variety of systems, including groups of periodically shape-changing robots called ‘smarticles.’

  • New virtual screening strategy identifies existing drug that inhibits COVID-19 virus
    on December 31, 2020 at 7:14 pm

    A novel computational drug screening strategy combined with lab experiments suggest that pralatrexate, a chemotherapy medication originally developed to treat lymphoma, could potentially be repurposed to treat COVID-19.

  • A pursuit of better testing to sort out the complexities of ADHD
    on December 30, 2020 at 2:42 pm

    The introduction of computer simulation to the identification of symptoms in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has potential to provide an additional objective tool to gauge the presence and severity of behavioral problems, researchers suggest.

  • Mathematical modeling can help balance economy, health during pandemic
    on December 24, 2020 at 4:31 pm

    Using mathematical modeling, new interdisciplinary research determines the best course of action when it comes to walking the line between economic stability and the best possible health outcomes.

  • Mathematical modeling can help balance economy, health during pandemic
    on December 24, 2020 at 4:31 pm

    Using mathematical modeling, new interdisciplinary research determines the best course of action when it comes to walking the line between economic stability and the best possible health outcomes.

  • BioAFMviewer software for simulated atomic force microscopy of biomolecules
    on December 22, 2020 at 3:41 pm

    Atomic force microscopy (AFM) allows to obtain images and movies showing proteins at work, however with limited resolution. The developed BioAFMviewer software opens the opportunity to use the enormous amount of available high-resolution protein data to better understand experiments. Within an interactive interface with rich functionality, the BioAFMviewer computationally emulates tip-scanning of any biomolecular structure to generate simulated AFM graphics and movies. They greatly help in the interpretation of e.g., high-speed AFM observations.

  • Traditional model for disease spread may not work in COVID-19
    on December 21, 2020 at 6:42 pm

    A mathematical model that can help project the contagiousness and spread of infectious diseases like the seasonal flu may not be the best way to predict the continuing spread of the novel coronavirus, especially during lockdowns that alter the normal mix of the population.

  • Traditional model for disease spread may not work in COVID-19
    on December 21, 2020 at 6:42 pm

    A mathematical model that can help project the contagiousness and spread of infectious diseases like the seasonal flu may not be the best way to predict the continuing spread of the novel coronavirus, especially during lockdowns that alter the normal mix of the population.

  • Traditional model for disease spread may not work in COVID-19
    on December 21, 2020 at 6:42 pm

    A mathematical model that can help project the contagiousness and spread of infectious diseases like the seasonal flu may not be the best way to predict the continuing spread of the novel coronavirus, especially during lockdowns that alter the normal mix of the population.

  • The mask matters: How masks affect airflow, protection effectiveness
    on December 18, 2020 at 1:41 pm

    A computer model deepens our understanding of airflow while wearing face masks, where particles land in the respiratory tract and the effectiveness of three-layer surgical masks.

  • Teaching artificial intelligence to adapt
    on December 16, 2020 at 8:52 pm

    Getting computers to ‘think’ like humans is the holy grail of artificial intelligence, but human brains turn out to be tough acts to follow. Now, researchers have used a computational model of brain activity to simulate this process more accurately than ever before. The new model mimics how the brain’s prefrontal cortex uses a phenomenon known as ‘gating’ to control the flow of information between different areas of neurons.

  • Carbon capture’s next top model
    on December 16, 2020 at 8:51 pm

    Creating accurate, detailed models is key to scaling up carbon capture technology. A recent article examines and compares the various modeling approaches for hollow fiber membrane contactors (HFMCs), a type of carbon capture technology. The group analyzed over 150 cited studies of multiple modeling approaches to help researchers choose the technique best suited to their research.

  • AI model shows promise to generate faster, more accurate weather forecasts
    on December 15, 2020 at 7:22 pm

    A model based solely on the past 40 years of weather events uses 7,000 times less computer power than today’s weather forecasting tools. An A.I.-powered model could someday provide more accurate forecasts for rain, snow and other weather events.

  • To the brain, reading computer code is not the same as reading language
    on December 15, 2020 at 6:12 pm

    Neuroscientists have found reading computer code does not rely on the regions of the brain involved in language processing. Instead, it activates the ‘multiple demand network,’ which is also recruited for complex cognitive tasks such as solving math problems or crossword puzzles.

  • To the brain, reading computer code is not the same as reading language
    on December 15, 2020 at 6:12 pm

    Neuroscientists have found reading computer code does not rely on the regions of the brain involved in language processing. Instead, it activates the ‘multiple demand network,’ which is also recruited for complex cognitive tasks such as solving math problems or crossword puzzles.

  • To the brain, reading computer code is not the same as reading language
    on December 15, 2020 at 6:12 pm

    Neuroscientists have found reading computer code does not rely on the regions of the brain involved in language processing. Instead, it activates the ‘multiple demand network,’ which is also recruited for complex cognitive tasks such as solving math problems or crossword puzzles.

  • Like adults, children by age 3 prefer seeing fractal patterns
    on December 11, 2020 at 6:55 pm

    By the time children are 3 years old they already have an adult-like preference for visual fractal patterns commonly seen in nature, according to researchers.

  • New computational method validates images without ‘ground truth’
    on December 11, 2020 at 4:55 pm

    Researchers have developed a computational method that allows them to determine not if an entire imaging picture is accurate, but if any given point on the image is probable, based on the assumptions built into the model.

  • New computational method validates images without ‘ground truth’
    on December 11, 2020 at 4:55 pm

    Researchers have developed a computational method that allows them to determine not if an entire imaging picture is accurate, but if any given point on the image is probable, based on the assumptions built into the model.

  • Significant step toward quantum advantage
    on December 10, 2020 at 4:21 pm

    Researchers have achieved a milestone in quantum computing research, accelerating the journey from theory to research to reality.

  • New approach for more accurate epidemic modeling
    on December 8, 2020 at 8:37 pm

    Researchers demonstrate that they can make more accurate predictions about the spread of infectious diseases by using fractional exponents for infected sub-groups, particularly in the early stages of a pandemic.

  • The ever-elusive riddle: What’s the best way to cut Christmas cookies?
    on December 7, 2020 at 3:20 pm

    At some point in life, most people have stood over a rolled-out slab of cookie dough and pondered just how to best cut out cookies with as little waste as possible. Now, even math experts have given up on finding a computer algorithm to answer this type of geometric problem.

  • Protein storytelling to address the pandemic
    on December 4, 2020 at 6:13 pm

    Computer molecular physics has contributed to the understanding of protein behavior by creating 3D models of molecular machines and setting them in motion. Researchers at Stony Brook University are using the Frontera supercomputer at the Texas Advanced Computing Center to make structure predictions for 19 proteins from the SARS-CoV-2 virus about which little is known. Their team uses a method they developed, called MELD, that accelerates the structure prediction process by orders of magnitude.

  • Unlocking the secrets of chemical bonding with machine learning
    on December 4, 2020 at 6:13 pm

    Researchers have developed a Bayesian learning model of chemisorption, or Bayeschem for short, aiming to use artificial intelligence to unlock the nature of chemical bonding at catalyst surfaces.

  • Using a video game to understand the origin of emotions
    on December 4, 2020 at 4:02 pm

    A number of studies have sought to connect given emotions, such as fear or pleasure, to specific areas of the brain, but without success. A research team has now analyzed volunteers while they were playing a video game that had been specially developed to arouse different emotions. The results, show that different emotional components recruit several neural networks in parallel distributed throughout the brain, and that their transient synchronization generates an emotional state.

  • Shrinking massive neural networks used to model language
    on December 1, 2020 at 7:40 pm

    Deep learning neural networks can be massive, demanding major computing power. In a test of the ‘lottery ticket hypothesis,’ researchers have found leaner, more efficient subnetworks hidden within BERT models. The discovery could make natural language processing more accessible.

  • AI predicts which drug combinations kill cancer cells
    on December 1, 2020 at 1:48 pm

    A machine learning model can help us treat cancer more effectively.

  • AI model uses retinal scans to predict Alzheimer’s disease
    on November 30, 2020 at 6:14 pm

    A form of artificial intelligence designed to interpret a combination of retinal images was able to successfully identify a group of patients who were known to have Alzheimer’s disease, suggesting the approach could one day be used as a predictive tool, according to an interdisciplinary study.

  • Quantum magic squares
    on November 24, 2020 at 5:29 pm

    The magic of mathematics is particularly reflected in magic squares. Recently, quantum physicists and mathematicians introduced the notion of the quantum magic square, and for the first time studied in detail the properties of this quantum version of magic squares.

  • Optimizing complex modeling processes through machine learning technologies
    on November 23, 2020 at 9:10 pm

    Engineering a spaceship is as difficult as it sounds. Modeling plays a large role in the time and effort it takes to create spaceships and other complex engineering systems. It requires extensive physics calculations, sifting through a multitude of different models and tribal knowledge to determine singular parts of a system’s design.

  • Biophysics: Geometry supersedes simulations
    on November 20, 2020 at 6:26 pm

    Physicists have introduced a new method that allows biological pattern-forming systems to be systematically characterized with the aid of mathematical analysis. The trick lies in the use of geometry to characterize the dynamics.

  • Biophysics: Geometry supersedes simulations
    on November 20, 2020 at 6:26 pm

    Physicists have introduced a new method that allows biological pattern-forming systems to be systematically characterized with the aid of mathematical analysis. The trick lies in the use of geometry to characterize the dynamics.

  • A biochemical random number
    on November 20, 2020 at 4:38 pm

    Scientists have generated a huge true random number using DNA synthesis. It is the first time that a number of this magnitude has been created by biochemical means.

  • Artificial intelligence-based tool may help diagnose opioid addiction earlier
    on November 19, 2020 at 8:39 pm

    Researchers have used machine learning, a type of artificial intelligence, to develop a prediction model for the early diagnosis of opioid use disorder.

  • Three reasons why COVID-19 can cause silent hypoxia
    on November 19, 2020 at 8:39 pm

    To crack the mystery of what causes silent hypoxia, a condition when oxygen levels in the body are abnormally low, biomedical engineers used computer modeling to test out three different scenarios that help explain how and why the lungs stop providing oxygen to the bloodstream.

  • A neural network learns when it should not be trusted
    on November 19, 2020 at 7:45 pm

    Researchers have developed a way for deep learning neural networks to rapidly estimate confidence levels in their output. The advance could enhance safety and efficiency in AI-assisted decision making, with applications ranging from medical diagnosis to autonomous driving.

  • New understanding of mobility paves way for tomorrow’s transport systems
    on November 19, 2020 at 3:50 am

    Researchers have developed a ground-breaking model that provides a completely new understanding of our movement patterns. The model can come to play an important role when designing tomorrow’s green modes of transport.

  • Machine learning innovation to develop chemical library
    on November 18, 2020 at 1:07 pm

    Innovators are using machine learning models to create new options for drug discovery pipelines. Innovators have introduced chemical reactivity flowcharts to help chemists interpret reaction outcomes using statistically robust machine learning models trained on a small number of reactions.

  • Time to rethink predicting pandemic infection rates?
    on November 17, 2020 at 4:31 pm

    In a new article, a physicist explains how he combined math in the form of Tchebychev’s inequality with a statistical ensemble to understand how macroscopic exponential growth with different daily rates arise from person-to-person disease infection.

  • Time to rethink predicting pandemic infection rates?
    on November 17, 2020 at 4:31 pm

    In a new article, a physicist explains how he combined math in the form of Tchebychev’s inequality with a statistical ensemble to understand how macroscopic exponential growth with different daily rates arise from person-to-person disease infection.

  • Computer scientists launch counteroffensive against video game cheaters
    on November 16, 2020 at 5:56 pm

    Computer scientists have devised a new weapon against video game players who cheat. The researchers developed their approach for detecting cheaters using the popular first-person shooter game Counter-Strike. But the mechanism can work for any massively multiplayer online (MMO) game that sends data traffic to a central server.

  • Interactive virtual reality emerges as a new tool for drug design against COVID-19
    on November 12, 2020 at 6:46 pm

    Scientists have demonstrated a new virtual reality technique which should help in developing drugs against the SARS-CoV-2 virus — and enable researchers to share models and collaborate in new ways. The innovative tool will help scientists around the world identify anti-viral drug leads more rapidly.

  • Virtual reality forests could help understanding of climate change
    on November 11, 2020 at 11:06 pm

    The effects of climate change are sometimes difficult to grasp, but now a virtual reality forest, created by geographers, can let people walk through a simulated forest of today and see what various futures may hold for the trees.

  • Robotic AI learns to be spontaneous
    on November 11, 2020 at 7:44 pm

    Autonomous functions for robots, such as spontaneity, are highly sought after. Many control mechanisms for autonomous robots are inspired by the functions of animals, including humans. Roboticists often design robot behaviors using predefined modules and control methodologies, which makes them task-specific, limiting their flexibility. Researchers offer an alternative machine learning-based method for designing spontaneous behaviors by capitalizing on complex temporal patterns, like neural activities of animal brains. They hope to see their design implemented in robotic platforms to improve their autonomous capabilities.

  • COVID-19 ‘super-spreading’ events play outsized role in overall disease transmission
    on November 2, 2020 at 10:32 pm

    Researchers find COVID-19 super-spreading events, in which one person infects more than six other people, are much more frequent than anticipated, and that they have an outsized contribution to coronavirus transmission.

  • COVID-19 ‘super-spreading’ events play outsized role in overall disease transmission
    on November 2, 2020 at 10:32 pm

    Researchers find COVID-19 super-spreading events, in which one person infects more than six other people, are much more frequent than anticipated, and that they have an outsized contribution to coronavirus transmission.

  • Forecasting elections with a model of infectious diseases
    on October 28, 2020 at 9:14 pm

    Election forecasting is an innately challenging endeavor, with results that can be difficult to interpret and may leave many questions unanswered after close races unfold. Researchers have now borrowed ideas from epidemiology to develop a new method for forecasting elections. The team hoped the multidisciplinary nature of their infectious disease model could expand the community that engages with polling data and raise research questions from a new perspective.

  • Random effects key to containing epidemics
    on October 27, 2020 at 3:12 pm

    Scientists have discovered why dividing a large population into multiple subpopulations that do not intermix can help contain outbreaks without imposing contact restrictions within those local communities.

  • Divide and conquer: A new formula to minimize mathematics anxiety
    on October 26, 2020 at 1:54 pm

    Mathematics — it’s the subject some kids love to hate. Yet despite its lack of popularity, mathematics is critical for a STEM-capable workforce and vital for current and future productivity. New research finds that boosting student confidence in mathematics is pivotal to greater engagement with the subject.

  • How genetic variation gives rise to differences in mathematical ability
    on October 22, 2020 at 6:45 pm

    DNA variation in a gene called ROBO1 is associated with early anatomical differences in a brain region that plays a key role in quantity representation, potentially explaining how genetic variability might shape mathematical performance in children, according to a new study.

  • Novel method for measuring spatial dependencies turns less data into more data
    on October 21, 2020 at 6:09 pm

    Researcher makes ‘little data’ act big through, the application of mathematical techniques normally used for time-series, to spatial processes.

  • Mass screening method could slash COVID-19 testing costs, trial finds
    on October 21, 2020 at 3:32 pm

    Using a new mathematical approach to screen large groups for COVID-19 could be around 20 times cheaper than individual testing, a study suggests.

  • A new approach to artificial intelligence that builds in uncertainty
    on October 19, 2020 at 4:55 pm

    Artificial intelligence isn’t perfect. In fact, it’s only as good as the methods and data built into it. Researchers have detailed a new approach to artificial intelligence that builds uncertainty, error, physical laws, expert knowledge and missing data into its calculations and leads ultimately to much more trustworthy models.

  • Researchers discover a uniquely quantum effect in erasing information
    on October 16, 2020 at 2:09 pm

    Researchers have discovered a uniquely quantum effect in erasing information that may have significant implications for the design of quantum computing chips. Their surprising discovery brings back to life the paradoxical ‘Maxwell’s demo’, which has tormented physicists for over 150 years.

  • ‘Universal law of touch’ will enable new advances in virtual reality
    on October 9, 2020 at 8:24 pm

    Seismic waves, commonly associated with earthquakes, have been used by scientists to develop a universal scaling law for the sense of touch. A team used Rayleigh waves to create the first scaling law for touch sensitivity.

  • Researchers use artificial intelligence language tools to decode molecular movements
    on October 9, 2020 at 12:49 pm

    Researchers used language processing AI to turn molecular movements into stories that reveal what forms a protein can take and how and when it changes form — key information for understanding disease and developing targeted therapeutics.

  • Study uses mathematical modeling to identify an optimal school return approach
    on October 7, 2020 at 10:23 pm

    A new mathematical model has been developed to identify the number of days students could attend school to allow them a better learning experience while mitigating infections of COVID-19.

  • Faster COVID-19 testing with simple algebraic equations
    on October 7, 2020 at 4:30 pm

    A mathematician has developed a new method for processing large volumes of COVID-19 tests which he believes could lead to significantly more tests being performed at once and results being returned much quicker.

  • New model examines how societal influences affect U.S. political opinions
    on October 2, 2020 at 2:57 pm

    Northwestern University researchers have developed the first quantitative model that captures how politicized environments affect U.S. political opinion formation and evolution.

  • When does a second COVID-19 surge end? Look at the data
    on September 22, 2020 at 3:23 pm

    Using data from all 50 U.S. states plus the District of Columbia, two mathematicians have developed a new method to analyze COVD-19 rates to help policymakers identify demonstrable turning points in infection surges.

  • The impact of human mobility on disease spread
    on September 22, 2020 at 2:24 pm

    Scientists have investigated the way in which human dispersal affects disease control and total extent of an infection’s spread.

  • Ecologists confirm Alan Turing’s theory for Australian fairy circles
    on September 22, 2020 at 2:24 pm

    Fairy circles are one of nature’s greatest enigmas and most visually stunning phenomena. Researchers have now collected detailed data to show that Alan Turing’s model explains the striking vegetation patterns of the Australian fairy circles. In addition, the researchers showed that the grasses that make up these patterns act as ”eco-engineers” to modify their hostile and arid environment, keeping the ecosystem functioning.

  • Online training helps preemies
    on September 21, 2020 at 2:03 pm

    An international team of researchers has now found that computerized training can support preterm children’s academic success. In their randomized controlled study ‘Fit for School’, the researchers compared two learning apps.

  • New mathematical tool can select the best sensors for the job
    on September 17, 2020 at 10:04 pm

    In the 2019 Boeing 737 Max crash, the recovered black box from the aftermath hinted that a failed pressure sensor may have caused the ill-fated aircraft to nose dive. This incident and others have fueled a larger debate on sensor selection, number and placement to prevent the reoccurrence of such tragedies. Researchers have now developed a comprehensive mathematical framework that can help engineers make informed decisions about which sensors to use.

  • Mathematical modelling to prevent fistulas
    on September 17, 2020 at 2:53 pm

    It is better to invest in measures that make it easier for women to visit a doctor during pregnancy than measures to repair birth injuries. This is the conclusion from mathematicians, using Uganda as an example.

  • Mathematical modelling to prevent fistulas
    on September 17, 2020 at 2:53 pm

    It is better to invest in measures that make it easier for women to visit a doctor during pregnancy than measures to repair birth injuries. This is the conclusion from mathematicians, using Uganda as an example.

  • Theoretically, two layers are better than one for solar-cell efficiency
    on September 15, 2020 at 11:42 pm

    Solar cells have come a long way, but inexpensive, thin film solar cells are still far behind more expensive, crystalline solar cells in efficiency. Now, a team of researchers suggests that using two thin films of different materials may be the way to go to create affordable, thin film cells with about 34% efficiency.

  • Virtual tourism could offer new opportunities for travel industry, travelers
    on September 9, 2020 at 12:59 pm

    A new proposal for virtual travel, using advanced mathematical techniques and combining livestream video with existing photos and videos of travel hotspots, could help revitalize an industry that has been devastated by the coronavirus pandemic, according to researchers.

  • A new method for directed networks could help multiple levels of science
    on September 9, 2020 at 12:05 am

    Researchers reveal a new method for analyzing hierarchies in complex networks and illustrate it by applications to economics, language and gene expression.

  • The mathematical values of Linear A fraction signs
    on September 8, 2020 at 3:32 pm

    A recent study has shed new light on the Minoan system of fractions, one of the outstanding enigmas tied to the ancient writing of numbers.

  • Battery-free Game Boy runs forever
    on September 3, 2020 at 9:14 pm

    Researchers develop first-ever battery-free, energy-harvesting, interactive device. And it looks and feels like a retro 8-bit Nintendo Game Boy.

  • New mathematical method shows how climate change led to fall of ancient civilization
    on September 3, 2020 at 2:56 pm

    A researcher developed a mathematical method that shows climate change likely caused the rise and fall of an ancient civilization. A new article outlines the technique he developed and shows how shifting monsoon patterns led to the demise of the Indus Valley Civilization, a Bronze Age civilization contemporary to Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt.

  • New mathematical method shows how climate change led to fall of ancient civilization
    on September 3, 2020 at 2:56 pm

    A researcher developed a mathematical method that shows climate change likely caused the rise and fall of an ancient civilization. A new article outlines the technique he developed and shows how shifting monsoon patterns led to the demise of the Indus Valley Civilization, a Bronze Age civilization contemporary to Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt.

  • Revolutionary quantum breakthrough paves way for safer online communication
    on September 2, 2020 at 7:21 pm

    The world is one step closer to having a totally secure internet and an answer to the growing threat of cyber-attacks, thanks to a team of international scientists who have created a unique prototype which could transform how we communicate online.

  • Using math to examine the sex differences in dinosaurs
    on August 27, 2020 at 12:07 am

    When you only have fossils to go off of, it’s hard to tell which dinosaur traits, like size and ornamentation, are related to the animals’ sex, and which traits are related to other things like age. But a new kind of statistical analysis can often estimate the degree of sexual variation in a dataset of fossils.

  • Using math to examine the sex differences in dinosaurs
    on August 27, 2020 at 12:07 am

    When you only have fossils to go off of, it’s hard to tell which dinosaur traits, like size and ornamentation, are related to the animals’ sex, and which traits are related to other things like age. But a new kind of statistical analysis can often estimate the degree of sexual variation in a dataset of fossils.

  • Thermodynamics of computation: A quest to find the cost of running a Turing machine
    on August 26, 2020 at 9:56 pm

    Turing machines are widely believed to be universal, in the sense that any computation done by any system can also be done by a Turing machine. In a new article, researchers present their work exploring the energetic costs of computation within the context of Turing machines.

  • Thermodynamics of computation: A quest to find the cost of running a Turing machine
    on August 26, 2020 at 9:56 pm

    Turing machines are widely believed to be universal, in the sense that any computation done by any system can also be done by a Turing machine. In a new article, researchers present their work exploring the energetic costs of computation within the context of Turing machines.

  • U.S. political parties become extremist to get more votes
    on August 26, 2020 at 8:13 pm

    New mathematical modeling shows that U.S. political parties are becoming increasingly polarized due to their quest for voters — not because voters themselves are becoming more extremist.

  • Fifty new planets confirmed in machine learning first
    on August 25, 2020 at 3:06 pm

    Fifty potential planets have had their existence confirmed by a new machine learning algorithm.

  • Contagion model predicts flooding in urban areas
    on August 24, 2020 at 6:44 pm

    Inspired by the same modeling and mathematical laws used to predict the spread of pandemics, researchers have created a model to accurately forecast the spread and recession process of floodwaters in urban road networks. With this new approach, researchers have created a simple and powerful mathematical approach to a complex problem.

  • The mathematical magic of bending grids
    on August 24, 2020 at 3:01 pm

    A mathematical discovery opens up new possibilities for architecture and design: For any desired curved surface a flat grid of straight bars can be calculated that can be folded out to the desired curved structure. The result is a stable form that can even carry loads.

  • Skat and poker: More luck than skill?
    on August 21, 2020 at 2:38 pm

    Chess requires playing ability and strategic thinking; in roulette, chance determines victory or defeat, gain or loss. But what about skat and poker? Are they games of chance or games of skill in game theory? This classification also determines whether play may involve money. Economists have studied this question and developed a rating system similar to the Elo system used for chess.

  • Mathematicians unravel a thread of string theory
    on August 18, 2020 at 1:40 pm

    Mathematicians are exploring a string duality between F-theory and heterotic string theory in eight dimensions.

  • Graph theory: Solution to ‘3 utilities problem’ could lead to better computers
    on August 17, 2020 at 4:30 pm

    Researchers thought that they were five years away from solving a math riddle from the 1980’s. In reality, and without knowing, they had nearly cracked the problem and had just given away much of the solution in a research article. The solution could be used to improve tomorrow’s phones and computers.

  • Mathematical tool helps calculate properties of quantum materials more quickly
    on August 14, 2020 at 8:33 pm

    Many quantum materials have been nearly impossible to simulate mathematically because the computing time required is too long. Now engineers have demonstrated a way to considerably reduce the computing time. This could accelerate the development of materials for energy-efficient IT technologies of the future.

  • Brain-NET, a deep learning methodology, accurately predicts surgeon certification scores based on neuroimaging data
    on August 11, 2020 at 4:50 pm

    Researchers demonstrated how a deep learning framework they call ‘Brain-NET’ can accurately predict a person’s level of expertise in terms of their surgical motor skills, based solely on neuroimaging data.

  • Mathematical patterns developed by Alan Turing help researchers understand bird behavior
    on August 11, 2020 at 4:01 pm

    Scientists have used mathematical modelling to understand why flocks of long-tailed tits segregate themselves into different parts of the landscape.

  • Math shows how brain stays stable amid internal noise and a widely varying world
    on August 10, 2020 at 2:32 pm

    A new theoretical framework shows that many properties of neural connections help biological circuits produce consistent computations.

  • Grasshopper jumping on Bloch sphere finds new quantum insights
    on August 10, 2020 at 2:32 pm

    New research has (pardon the pun) put a new spin on a mathematical analogy involving a jumping grasshopper and its ideal lawn shape. This work could help us understand the spin states of quantum-entangled particles.

  • Droplet spread from humans doesn’t always follow airflow
    on August 4, 2020 at 3:15 pm

    If aerosol transmission of COVID-19 is confirmed to be significant, we will need to reconsider guidelines on social distancing, ventilation systems and shared spaces. Researchers in the U.K. believe a better understanding of droplet behaviors and their different dispersion mechanisms is also needed. In a new article, the group presents a model that demarcates differently sized droplets. This has implications for understanding airborne diseases, because the dispersion tests revealed the absence of intermediate-sized droplets.

  • AI and single-cell genomics
    on August 3, 2020 at 6:00 pm

    The study of cellular dynamics is crucial to understand how cells develop and how diseases progress. Scientist have now created ‘scVelo’ – a machine learning method and open source software to estimate the dynamics of gene activity in single cells. This allows biologists to robustly predict the future state of individual cells.

  • Language may undermine women in science and tech
    on August 3, 2020 at 4:01 pm

    Researchers examined gender stereotypes baked into 25 languages to explore why fewer women enter science, technology, engineering and mathematics fields.

  • Research captures how human sperm swim in 3D
    on July 31, 2020 at 6:51 pm

    Using state-of-the-art 3D microscopy and mathematics, researchers have reconstructed the movement of the sperm tail in 3D with high-precision.

  • Healing an Achilles’ heel of quantum entanglement
    on July 29, 2020 at 4:44 pm

    Researchers have solved a 20-year-old problem in quantum information theory on how to calculate entanglement cost — a way to measure entanglement — in a manner that’s efficiently computable, useful, and broadly applicable in several quantum research areas.

  • Breakthrough method for predicting solar storms
    on July 29, 2020 at 4:44 pm

    Extensive power outages and satellite blackouts that affect air travel and the internet are some of the potential consequences of massive solar storms. These storms are believed to be caused by the release of enormous amounts of stored magnetic energy due to changes in the magnetic field of the sun’s outer atmosphere – something that until now has eluded scientists’ direct measurement. Researchers believe this recent discovery could lead to better ‘space weather’ forecasts in the future.

  • Randomness theory could hold key to internet security
    on July 27, 2020 at 11:47 pm

    Researchers identified a problem that holds the key to whether all encryption can be broken — as well as a surprising connection to a mathematical concept that aims to define and measure randomness.

  • More realistic computer graphics
    on July 24, 2020 at 6:10 pm

    New software techniques make lighting in computer-generated images look more realistic for use in video games, extended reality, and scientific visualization tools.

  • If relaxed too soon, physical distancing measures might have been all for naught
    on July 24, 2020 at 2:42 pm

    If physical distancing measures in the United States are relaxed while there is still no COVID-19 vaccine or treatment and while personal protective equipment remains in short supply, the number of resulting infections could be about the same as if distancing had never been implemented to begin with, reports a team of mathematicians and scientists.

  • Links between video games and gambling run deeper than previously thought, study reveals
    on July 14, 2020 at 2:12 pm

    A new study suggests that a number of practices in video games, such as token wagering, real-money gaming, and social casino spending, are significantly linked to problem gambling.

  • Consumers prefer round numbers even when the specific number is better news
    on July 6, 2020 at 6:08 pm

    Consider this scenario: A vaccine for the novel coronavirus has been developed that is 91.27% effective. If public health officials present this information using the specific number, people are likely to think the vaccine is actually less effective than if it is presented as being 90% effective. This concept is a real-life application of recent findings from Gaurav Jain, an assistant professor of marketing in the Lally School of Management at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, published recently in Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Process.

  • Smokers good at math are more likely to want to quit
    on June 22, 2020 at 1:50 pm

    For smokers who are better at math, the decision to quit just adds up, a new study suggests. Researchers found that smokers who scored higher on a test of math ability were more likely than others to say they intended to quit smoking.

  • Achievement isn’t why more men are majoring in physics, engineering and computer science
    on June 18, 2020 at 7:02 pm

    Researchers have found that the reason there are more undergraduate men than women majoring in physics, engineering and computer science is not because men are higher achievers. On the contrary, the scholars found that men with very low high-school GPAs in math and science and very low SAT math scores were choosing these math-intensive majors just as often as women with much higher math and science achievement.

  • What do ‘Bohemian Rhapsody,’ ‘Macbeth,’ and a list of Facebook friends all have in common?
    on June 16, 2020 at 5:57 pm

    A new study shows how vastly complex communication networks can efficiently convey large amounts of information to the human brain. Researcher found that works of literature, musical pieces, and social networks have a similar underlying structure that allows them to share information rapidly and effectively.

  • AI sentencing tools need to be closely scrutinized
    on June 9, 2020 at 5:00 pm

    Judges should closely vet the AI tools they use to help them predict whether a defendant is likely to re offend, urges a new study.

  • Limits on evolution revealed by statistical physics
    on May 29, 2020 at 7:06 pm

    What is and is not possible for natural evolution may be explained using models and calculations from theoretical physics, say researchers. To explain this the limits of evolution, researchers simplified the natural world to fit idealized physics models and searched for any mathematical structure within biological complexity.

  • Solution to century-old math problem could predict transmission of infectious diseases
    on May 29, 2020 at 7:06 pm

    An academic has achieved a milestone in statistical/mathematical physics by solving a 100-year-old physics problem — the discrete diffusion equation in finite space.

  • New model predicts the peaks of the COVID-19 pandemic
    on May 29, 2020 at 7:06 pm

    Researchers describe a single function that accurately describes all existing available data on active COVID-19 cases and deaths — and predicts forthcoming peaks.

  • High variability is result of complex data workflows
    on May 20, 2020 at 11:12 pm

    A new study offers new evidence that the complexity of contemporary analytical methods in science contributes to the variability of research outcomes.

  • New study estimates the odds of life and intelligence emerging beyond our planet
    on May 18, 2020 at 8:26 pm

    Despite knowing when life first appeared on Earth, scientists still do not understand how life occurred, which has important implications for the likelihood of finding life elsewhere in the universe. A new paper shows how an analysis using a statistical technique called Bayesian inference could shed light on how complex extraterrestrial life might evolve in alien worlds.

  • Is video game addiction real?
    on May 13, 2020 at 6:38 pm

    A recent six-year study, the longest study ever done on video game addiction, found that about 90% of gamers do not play in a way that is harmful or causes negative long-term consequences. A significant minority, though, can become truly addicted to video games and as a result can suffer mentally, socially and behaviorally.

  • Identifying light sources using artificial intelligence
    on May 5, 2020 at 4:16 pm

    Identifying sources of light plays an important role in the development of many photonic technologies, such as lidar, remote sensing, and microscopy. Traditionally, identifying light sources as diverse as sunlight, laser radiation, or molecule fluorescence has required millions of measurements, particularly in low-light environments, which limits the realistic implementation of quantum photonic technologies. Researchers demonstrated a smart quantum technology that enables a dramatic reduction in the number of measurements required to identify light sources.

  • Identifying light sources using artificial intelligence
    on May 5, 2020 at 4:16 pm

    Identifying sources of light plays an important role in the development of many photonic technologies, such as lidar, remote sensing, and microscopy. Traditionally, identifying light sources as diverse as sunlight, laser radiation, or molecule fluorescence has required millions of measurements, particularly in low-light environments, which limits the realistic implementation of quantum photonic technologies. Researchers demonstrated a smart quantum technology that enables a dramatic reduction in the number of measurements required to identify light sources.

  • What is an individual? Information Theory may provide the answer
    on April 16, 2020 at 1:19 pm

    Despite the near-universal assumption of individuality in biology, there is little agreement about what individuals are and few rigorous quantitative methods for their identification. A new approach may solve the problem by defining individuals in terms of informational processes.

  • Psychiatry: Five clearly defined patterns
    on February 25, 2020 at 3:50 pm

    Psychiatrists have used a computer-based approach to assign psychotic patients diagnosed as bipolar or schizophrenic to five different subgroups. The method could lead to better therapies for psychoses.

  • New artificial intelligence algorithm better predicts corn yield
    on February 20, 2020 at 6:05 pm

    With some reports predicting the precision agriculture market will reach $12.9 billion by 2027, there is an increasing need to develop sophisticated data-analysis solutions that can guide management decisions in real time. A new study offers a promising approach to efficiently and accurately process precision agricultural data.

  • Mixed-signal hardware security thwarts powerful electromagnetic attacks
    on February 19, 2020 at 2:25 pm

    A team has developed technology to use mixed-signal circuits to embed critical information that is suppressed at a lower level.

  • Storytelling can reduce VR cybersickness
    on February 13, 2020 at 2:07 pm

    A storyline with emotionally evocative details can reduce virtual reality cybersickness for some people, according to a new study. Researchers found that storylines that provide context and details can help users feel immersed in VR experiences and can reduce feelings of nausea, disorientation and eye strain, depending on a user’s gaming experience.

  • Apps could take up less space on your phone, thanks to new ‘streaming’ software
    on February 6, 2020 at 11:43 pm

    New software ‘streams’ data and code resources to an app from a cloud server when necessary, allowing the app to use only the space it needs on a phone at any given time.

  • Enjoying the View? How computer games can help evaluate landscapes
    on February 6, 2020 at 6:23 pm

    Geographers are stepping into the virtual world of computer games to develop exciting new ways of assessing landscapes. Researchers have spent years analyzing geographical landscapes and determining what features people from different countries find most appealing. In a bid to engage younger audiences the team created a series of videos depicting dynamic fly-throughs of virtual landscapes.

  • Supercomputers help link quantum entanglement to cold coffee
    on January 31, 2020 at 5:56 pm

    Theoretical physicists have found a deep link between one of the most striking features of quantum mechanics — quantum entanglement — and thermalization, which is the process in which something comes into thermal equilibrium with its surroundings.

  • First all-optical, stealth encryption technology developed
    on January 29, 2020 at 2:14 pm

    Engineers are introducing the first all-optical “stealth” encryption technology that will be significantly more secure and private for highly sensitive cloud-computing and data center network transmission.

  • How human social structures emerge
    on January 21, 2020 at 4:30 pm

    What rules shaped humanity’s original social networks? The earliest social networks were tightly knit cultural groups made of multiple biologically related families. That single group would then develop relationships with other cultural groups in their local area. Researchers used statistical physics and computer models common in evolutionary biology to explain the origin of common community structures documented by cultural anthropologists around the world.

  • Nearly 9 in 10 parents say teens spend too much time gaming
    on January 20, 2020 at 4:34 pm

    Eighty-six percent of parents agree that teens spend too much time gaming, but many may be mistaken about the extent of their own child’s video game habits, a new national poll suggests.

  • Mathematicians put famous Battle of Britain ‘what if’ scenarios to the test
    on January 9, 2020 at 6:02 pm

    Mathematicians have developed a new model to explore what the impact of changes to Luftwaffe tactics would actually have been. Their approach uses statistical modelling to calculate how the Battle might have played out if history had followed one of several alternative courses.

  • Indeterminist physics for an open world
    on January 7, 2020 at 3:49 pm

    Classical physics is characterized by the equations describing the world. Yet our day-to-day experience is struck by this deterministic vision of the world. A physicist has been analyzing the classical mathematical language used in modern physics. He has thrown light on a contradiction between the equations that explained the phenomena and the finite world. He suggests making changes to the mathematical language to allow randomness and indeterminism to become part of classical physics.

  • An algorithm for large-scale genomic analysis
    on December 20, 2019 at 3:56 pm

    The examination of Haplotypes makes it possible to understand the heritability of certain complex traits. However, genome analysis of family members is usually necessary, a tedious and expensive process. Researchers have developed SHAPEIT4, a powerful computer algorithm that allows the haplotypes of hundreds of thousands of unrelated individuals to be identified very quickly. Results are as detailed as when family analysis is performed. Their tool is available online under an open source license.

  • Smaller class sizes not always better for pupils, multinational study shows
    on December 16, 2019 at 1:11 am

    A new statistical analysis of data from a long-term study on the teaching of mathematics and science has found that smaller class sizes are not always associated with better pupil performance and achievement.

  • Computer game may help to predict reuse of opioids
    on December 8, 2019 at 2:21 pm

    A computer betting game can help predict the likelihood that someone recovering from opioid addiction will reuse the pain-relieving drugs, a new study shows.

  • Deep learning to analyze neurological problems
    on November 21, 2019 at 7:13 pm

    Getting to the doctor’s office for a check-up can be challenging for someone with a neurological disorder that impairs their movement, such as a stroke. But what if the patient could just take a video clip of their movements with a smart phone and forward the results to their doctor?

  • Brains of girls and boys are similar, producing equal math ability
    on November 8, 2019 at 12:48 pm

    New research comprehensively examined the brain development of young boys and girls. Their research shows no gender difference in brain function or math ability.

  • In classical and quantum secure communication practical randomness is incomplete
    on November 4, 2019 at 4:28 pm

    Random bit sequences are key ingredients of various tasks in modern life and especially in secure communication. In a new study researchers have determined that generating true random bit sequences, classical or quantum, is an impossible mission. Based on these findings, they have demonstrated a new method of classified secure communication.

  • Escapism: A powerful predictor of internet gaming disorder among video gamers
    on October 22, 2019 at 4:11 pm

    A new study is the first to compare professional electronic sport (esport) players with recreational video game players and explores the similarities and differences between what motivates each group. While the two groups are psychosocially different, they found that both esport and recreational gamers run the risk of developing internet gaming disorder when their intense immersion in the activity is tied to escapism.

  • New CRISPR genome editing system offers a wide range of versatility in human cells
    on October 21, 2019 at 4:45 pm

    A team has developed a new CRISPR genome-editing approach by combining two of the most important proteins in molecular biology — CRISPR-Cas9 and a reverse transcriptase — into a single machine.

  • Prevention better than cure at preventing young users from getting involved in cybercrime
    on October 21, 2019 at 12:27 pm

    Highly-targeted messaging campaigns from law enforcement can be surprisingly effective at dissuading young gamers from getting involved in cybercrime, a new study has suggested.

  • Information theory as a forensics tool for investigating climate mysteries
    on October 17, 2019 at 11:55 am

    During Earth’s last glacial period, temperatures on the planet periodically spiked dramatically and rapidly. A new article suggests that mathematics from information theory could offer a powerful tool for analyzing and understanding these mysterious events.

  • Combination of techniques could improve security for IoT devices
    on October 10, 2019 at 8:48 pm

    A multi-pronged data analysis approach that can strengthen the security of Internet of Things (IoT) devices — such as smart TVs, home video cameras and baby monitors — against current risks and threats has been created.

  • Addictive de-vices: How we can unplug from this 21st century epidemic
    on October 3, 2019 at 1:20 pm

    We spend our days looking at them, talking to them, and touching them. They increasingly consume our time, attention and money. We are addicted to our digital devices — or, more precisely, the digital experiences they give us. A study analyzed the growing problem with digital addiction and how marketers as well as app developers contribute to this 21st-century phenomenon.

  • New research analyzes video game player engagement
    on September 25, 2019 at 5:36 pm

    In the video game industry, the ability for gaming companies to track and respond to gamers’ post-purchase play opens up new opportunities to enhance gamer engagement and retention and increase video game revenue.

  • Scientists one step closer to a fully functioning quantum computer
    on September 25, 2019 at 5:13 pm

    Quantum computing has the potential to revolutionize technology, medicine, and science by providing faster and more efficient processors, sensors, and communication devices. But transferring information and correcting errors within a quantum system remains a challenge. Researchers now demonstrate a new method of relaying information by transferring the state of electrons. The research brings scientists one step closer to creating fully functional quantum computers.

  • Better way to teach physics to university students
    on September 25, 2019 at 4:04 pm

    Physicists and educators have developed a curriculum for college-level students that shows promise in helping students in introductory physics classes further practice and develop their calculus skills.

  • Artificial intelligence probes dark matter in the universe
    on September 18, 2019 at 2:02 pm

    Physicists and computer scientists have developed a new approach to the problem of dark matter and dark energy in the universe. Using machine learning tools, they programmed computers to teach themselves how to extract the relevant information from maps of the universe.

  • Research advances noise cancelling for quantum computers
    on September 16, 2019 at 12:14 pm

    The characterization of complex noise in quantum computers is a critical step toward making the systems more precise.

  • African American bachelor’s degrees see growth, behind in physical sciences, engineering
    on September 12, 2019 at 5:44 pm

    African Americans are seeing growth in engineering and physical sciences but are not progressing at the same rate when compared to the general population. A report examined the number of bachelor’s degrees earned from 2005 to 2015.

  • African American bachelor’s degrees see growth, behind in physical sciences, engineering
    on September 12, 2019 at 5:44 pm

    African Americans are seeing growth in engineering and physical sciences but are not progressing at the same rate when compared to the general population. A report examined the number of bachelor’s degrees earned from 2005 to 2015.

  • Good at math? It means little if you’re not confident
    on September 9, 2019 at 7:42 pm

    Being good at math relates to better financial and medical outcomes — unless you don’t have confidence in your own abilities with numbers, new research suggests. In two studies, researchers found that the key to success in personal finances and dealing with a complex disease was a match between a person’s math abilities and how comfortable and assured he or she felt using those skills.

  • The ever-winning lottery ticket: Mathematicians solve a dusty mystery
    on September 9, 2019 at 2:45 pm

    After years of work, mathematics researchers have answered a mysterious half-century-old riddle. The mystery was all but forgotten until a Danish researcher heard about, and then decided to tackle it.

  • Sum of three cubes for 42 finally solved — using real life planetary computer
    on September 6, 2019 at 5:40 pm

    Hot on the heels of the ground-breaking ‘Sum-Of-Three-Cubes’ solution for the number 33, mathematicians have solved the final piece of the famous 65-year-old math puzzle with an answer for the most elusive number of all – 42.

  • Personality and motivation in relation to internet gaming disorder
    on September 5, 2019 at 12:00 pm

    A new study examining the relationships among personality, motivation, and internet gaming disorder (IGD) found that predictors of IGD include male gender, neurotic and introverted personality traits, and motivation related to achievement.

  • Customers feel more accomplished when progress tracked in round numbers
    on August 21, 2019 at 1:59 pm

    The study shows reaching a goal expressed in round numbers results in higher levels of customer satisfaction. That was particularly true when the final goal was still distant. Hitting intermediate targets expressed as round numbers increased customers’ feeling of progress at low levels of achievement.

  • We like our math like we like our art: Beautiful
    on August 9, 2019 at 7:59 pm

    A beautiful landscape painting, a beautiful piano sonata — art and music are almost exclusively described in terms of aesthetics, but what about math? Beyond useful or brilliant, can an abstract idea be considered beautiful?

  • Mathematicians develop new statistical indicator
    on August 9, 2019 at 3:30 pm

    Up to now, it has taken a great deal of computational effort to detect dependencies between more than two high-dimensional variables, in particular when complicated non-linear relationships are involved. Mathematicians have now developed a dependence measure called ‘distance multivariance’.

  • Top tools for pinpointing genetic drivers of disease
    on July 25, 2019 at 2:04 pm

    A new benchmarking study has determined the best analysis tools for identifying errors in a patient’s DNA that are responsible for driving disease. Being able to pinpoint these ‘genomic rearrangements’ is vital for understanding how illnesses occur, and therefore, how best to treat them.

  • Myth-busting study reveals that gamblers can’t detect slot machine payout percentages
    on July 15, 2019 at 8:16 pm

    It’s a common sight on casino floors: patrons jumping from slot machine to slot machine before eventually hunkering down at a game that’s due for the next big payout. But can players — even the regulars who frequent a particular property — really tell the difference between the house edge on one game from that of another? Nope. At least not according to a series of recent studies led by a college professor and former gaming industry operations analyst.

  • Deep learning-powered ‘DeepEC’ helps accurately understand enzyme functions
    on July 9, 2019 at 3:02 pm

    Researchers have shown that a deep learning-powered computational framework enables the high-quality and high-throughput prediction of enzyme commission numbers, which is essential for the accurate understanding of enzyme functions.

  • Want to boost creativity? Try playing Minecraft
    on July 8, 2019 at 6:00 pm

    Video games that foster creative freedom can increase creativity under certain conditions, according to new research. The experimental study compared the effect of playing Minecraft, with or without instruction, to watching a TV show or playing a race car video game. Those given the freedom to play Minecraft without instruction were most creative.

  • Optimal models of thermodynamic properties
    on June 26, 2019 at 8:03 pm

    Researchers are beginning to employ Bayesian methods in developing optimal models of thermodynamic properties. Research focused on hafnium (Hf), a metal emerging as a key component in computer electronics.

  • Understanding brain activity when you name what you see
    on June 24, 2019 at 6:04 pm

    Using complex statistical methods and fast measurement techniques, researchers found how the brain network comes up with the right word and enables us to say it.

  • Play games with no latency
    on June 24, 2019 at 3:10 pm

    One of the most challenging issues for game players looks to be resolved soon with the introduction of a zero-latency gaming environment. A team has now developed technology that helps game players maintain zero-latency performance. The new technology transforms the shapes of game design according to the amount of latency.

  • Do video games drive obesity?
    on June 17, 2019 at 3:05 pm

    Are children, teenagers and adults who spend a lot of time playing video games really more obese? A meta study has looked into this question. The cliché is true — but only for adults.

  • Could playing computer games improve your peripheral vision?
    on June 12, 2019 at 3:01 pm

    Researchers have found a significant improvement in the peripheral awareness of people who played computer games specially designed around using peripheral vision. This finding opens up the possibility that these types of games can be used to help improve players’ performance in team sports – so they can spot team-mates quicker – or to help them to identify potential hazards at the side of their vision.

  • Decoding Beethoven’s music style using data science
    on June 6, 2019 at 7:02 pm

    What makes Beethoven sound like Beethoven? Researchers have completed a first analysis of Beethoven’s writing style, applying statistical techniques to unlock recurring patterns.

  • Bees can link symbols to numbers, study finds
    on June 5, 2019 at 9:14 pm

    We know bees get the concept of zero and can do basic math. Now researchers have discovered they may also be capable of connecting symbols to numbers. It’s a finding that sheds new light on how numerical abilities may have evolved over millennia and even opens new possibilities for communication between humans and other species.

  • From viruses to social bots, researchers unearth the structure of attacked networks
    on May 29, 2019 at 5:12 pm

    Researchers have developed a machine learning model of the invisible networks around us including, how viruses interact with proteins and genes in the body. Their work, they believe, can help across the disciplines from the design of future medicines or gene therapies against viruses and diseases like cancer or help understand how to address cyber attacks.

  • Phase transitions: The math behind the music
    on May 23, 2019 at 1:25 pm

    Physics Professor Jesse Berezovsky contends that until now, much of the thinking about math and music has been a top-down approach, applying mathematical ideas to existing musical compositions as a way of understanding already existing music. He contends he’s uncovering the ’emergent structures of musical harmony’ inherent in the art, just as order comes from disorder in the physical world. He believes that could mean a whole new way of looking at music of the past, present and future.

  • A simple, yet versatile, new design for chaotic oscillating circuitry inspired by prime numbers
    on May 22, 2019 at 12:15 pm

    Researchers have found a simple, yet highly versatile, way to generate ‘chaotic signals’ with various features. The technique consists of interconnecting three ‘ring oscillators,’ effectively making them compete against each other, while controlling their respective strengths and their linkages. The resulting device is rather small and efficient, thus suitable for emerging applications such as realizing wireless networks of sensors.

  • Mathematicians revive abandoned approach to Riemann Hypothesis
    on May 21, 2019 at 8:24 pm

    Many ways to approach the Riemann Hypothesis have been proposed during the past 150 years, but none of them have led to conquering the most famous open problem in mathematics. A new article suggests that one of these old approaches is more practical than previously realized.

  • Statistical model could predict future disease outbreaks
    on May 21, 2019 at 4:46 pm

    Researchers have created a statistical method that may allow public health and infectious disease forecasters to better predict disease reemergence, especially for preventable childhood infections such as measles and pertussis.

  • New all-fiber device simplifies free-space based quantum key distribution
    on May 6, 2019 at 4:41 pm

    Researchers have developed a simple and stable device to generate the quantum states necessary for quantum key distribution. The device could make it more practical to develop a global data network that uses this very secure method of encryption to protect everything from credit card transactions to texts.

  • Playing video games generally not harmful to boys’ social development
    on April 23, 2019 at 3:39 pm

    A new longitudinal study conducted in Norway looked at how playing video games affects the social skills of 6- to 12-year-olds. It found that playing the games affected youth differently by age and gender, but that generally speaking, gaming was not associated with social development.

  • Coincidence helps with quantum measurements
    on April 18, 2019 at 6:17 pm

    Through randomly selected measurements, physicists can determine the quantum entanglement of many-particle systems. With the newly developed method, quantum simulations can be extended to a larger number of quantum particles. Researchers now report on the first successful demonstration of this method.

  • Could computer games help farmers adapt to climate change?
    on April 18, 2019 at 2:16 pm

    Researchers have developed the interactive web-based Maladaptation Game, which can be used to better understand how Nordic farmers make decisions regarding environmental changes and how they negotiate the negative impacts of potentially damaging decisions.

  • Study finds natural variation in sex ratios at birth and sex ratio inflation in 12 countries
    on April 16, 2019 at 5:20 pm

    Biostatisticians have developed a new estimation method for assessing natural variations in the sex ratio at birth (SRB) for all countries in the world.

  • Scientists build a machine to see all possible futures
    on April 12, 2019 at 1:47 pm

    Researchers have implemented a prototype quantum device that can generate and analyze a quantum superposition of possible futures. Using a novel quantum algorithm, the possible outcomes of a decision process are encoded as a superposition of different photon locations. Using interferometry, the team show that it is possible to conduct a search through the set of possible futures without looking at each future individually.

  • The cost of computation
    on April 8, 2019 at 8:16 pm

    There’s been a rapid resurgence of interest in understanding the energy cost of computing. Recent advances in this ‘thermodynamics of computation’ are now summarized.

  • Photons trained for optical fiber obstacle course will deliver stronger cyber security
    on April 4, 2019 at 3:44 pm

    Researchers demonstrate a way to improve quantum key distribution over fiber networks.

  • Artificial intelligence can predict premature death, study finds
    on March 27, 2019 at 6:20 pm

    Computers which are capable of teaching themselves to predict premature death could greatly improve preventative healthcare in the future, a new study suggests

  • New computational tool could change how we study pathogens
    on March 25, 2019 at 2:14 pm

    A sophisticated new analysis too incorporating advanced mathematical strategies could help revolutionize the way researchers investigate the spread and distribution of dangerous, fast-evolving disease vectors.

  • How measurable is online advertising?
    on March 21, 2019 at 5:04 pm

    New research sheds light on whether common approaches for online advertising measurement are as reliable and accurate as the ‘gold standard’ of large-scale, randomized experiments.

  • Calling time on ‘statistical significance’ in science research
    on March 21, 2019 at 1:22 pm

    Scientists should stop using the term ‘statistically significant’ in their research, researchers urge.

  • Big stats, human stories change attitudes about global issues
    on March 13, 2019 at 6:32 pm

    New research sheds light on the types of statistical and narrative evidence that are most effective at persuading people to pay attention to global issues.

  • New gene hunt reveals potential breast cancer treatment target
    on March 8, 2019 at 3:21 pm

    Researchers have developed a way to discover elusive cancer-promoting genes, already identifying one that appears to promote aggressive breast cancers. The team developed a statistical approach to reveal many previously hard-to-find genes that contribute to cancer.

  • AI study of risk factors in type 1 diabetes
    on March 6, 2019 at 3:06 pm

    In combination with conventional statistical methods, artificial intelligence (AI) has now been used in a study of risk factors in type 1 diabetes. The objective was to identify the most important indicators of elevated risk for cardiovascular disease and death.

  • Mathematical rules underlie the ancient art of knitting
    on March 6, 2019 at 1:18 pm

    Knitting may be an ancient manufacturing method, but one researcher believes that understanding how different stitch types determine shape and mechanical strength will be invaluable for designing materials for future technologies, and a more detailed understanding of the knitting ‘code’ could benefit manufacturers around the world. Researchers are delving through the surprisingly complex mathematics that underlies tangles of yarn.

  • Stopwatch set for milestone marathon in 2032
    on February 26, 2019 at 8:50 pm

    The elusive sub-two hour marathon running mark will likely be first shattered by a male athlete in May 2032, according to a ground-breaking statistical study.

  • Freezing upon heating: Formation of dynamical glass
    on February 22, 2019 at 3:12 pm

    Scientists have modeled the energy behavior of chaotic networks of superconducting elements (grains), separated by non-superconducting junctions, and found out some unexpected statistical properties at long (but still finite) time-scales.

  • Walking simulation games signal a new literary genre
    on February 12, 2019 at 3:47 pm

    Walking simulation games signal a new literary genre Research has revealed that walking simulations are blurring the boundaries of different art forms to create a new literary genre. Walking simulations — video games where there are no winners and no one is shot at or killed — have become increasingly popular in the last few years.

  • Collaborative video games could increase office productivity
    on January 29, 2019 at 1:19 pm

    Move over trust falls and ropes courses, turns out playing video games with coworkers is the real path to better performance at the office. A new study by information systems professors found newly-formed work teams experienced a 20 percent increase in productivity on subsequent tasks after playing video games together for just 45 minutes. The study adds to a growing body of literature finding positive outcomes of team video gaming.

  • Quantifying how much quantum information can be eavesdropped
    on January 28, 2019 at 3:11 pm

    The most basic type of quantum information processing is quantum entanglement. Researchers have now provided a much finer characterization of the distributions of entanglement in multi-qubit systems than previously available. These findings can be used in quantum cryptography to estimate the quantity of information an eavesdropper can capture regarding the secret encryption key.